This page, and the subsequent subpages will be used to house and organize our annotated bib for [[#|class]]. As we include more and more citations, we'll continue to expand this section. For now...just organize alphabetically. Please indicate after the reference whether you included this in APA or MLA format.

Organize based on content area...teaching/learning....ed psych.....reading/writing....

Social Studies Content Area
Hassig, R., & Cowley, R. (2000). What if?, the world's foremost military historians imagine what might have been : Essays. Berkley Pub Group.

Music Content Area: APA format.

Scorsese, M. (2003). "Martin Scorsese presents the Blues - a musical journey"
A seven-volume [[#|video]] set on the Blues, its impact, its origins, its musicians, its culture.

Muddy Waters "I'm your hoochie coochie man"
Youtube recording of Muddy Waters singing "I'm your hoochie coochie man"

Fitzgerald, Ella. "Blue Skies"
Youtube recording of Blues great Ella Fitzgerald singing "Blue Skies"

Townend, R. "The Basic Form of 12-bar Blues"
Simple online article explaining the structure of 12-bar Blues

Woodyard, S. (1995). "Music and Song (African American Life)"
Children’s book on the Blues, primarily its culture/history, with color photos. Reading level marked for “Grades 4-6”.

Welwood, Arthur. (Jan., 1980). Improvisation with Found Sounds. Music Educator’s Journal, Vol. 66, No.5, pp.72-77. Retrieved from
A guide to running found sound activities in a music classroom, this article contains many great ideas and helpful tips.

Cohn, L. (1999). Nothing But the Blues: The Music and the Musicians.
This book talks about the variety of musicians that have made their mark on the Blues. It [[#|offers]] insights into this musical tradition accompanied by photographs of Blues musicians. Advanced reading level (high school+)

Baker, H. (1984). Blues, Ideology, and Afro-American Literature. Chicago.

Bruce, D. (2008). Visualizing literacy: Building bridges with media. Reading & Writing Quarterly, 24(3), 264-282.
This article explores the results of a qualitative teacher-researcher [[#|study]] that investigated the skills and strategies employed by four low achieving writers while creating and interpreting music [[#|video]] compositions. The researchers examined to what extent students use complex or sophisticated composition strategies when composing a [[#|video]]. The results show that most students demonstrated a number of complex composition strategies through the reading and composing necessary to build the videos. (APA format)

Cuban, L., & Shipps, D. (Eds.). (2000). Reconstructing the common good in education: Coping with intractable American dilemmas. Stanford University Press.
This book is actually a compilation of essays by several [[#|educational]] scholars. The main idea of these essays is how [[#|educational]] reform has abandoned the "common good." In other words, it takes a look at public schools today no longer see the point of education as preparing today's generation to be contributors in a democratic society. (APA format)

Huffaker, D. (2005). The educated blogger: Using weblogs to promote literacy in the classroom. AACE Journal, 13(2), 91-98.
The article explores the role of weblogs in promoting literacy engagement and acquisiton in a classroom setting. Weblogs resemble personal journals or diaries and provide opportunities where self-expression and creativity is encouraged. Construction of identity, and involvement in an online community allow learners to use storytelling and literacy skills as tools. The author shares several examples of storytelling and blogging in practice. (APA format)

Kember, D. (1996). The Intention to Both Memorize and Understand: Another Approach to Learning?. Higher Education, 31 (3), 341-354.
This article examines Chinese and Japanese students' retention of information based upon different studying methodologies. The author concludes Asian students owe their advances study skills to social and cultural influences indicative to the East. (APA format)

O’Brien, D., Beach, R., & Scharber, C. (2007). “Struggling” middle schoolers: Engagement and literate competence in a reading writing intervention class. Reading Psychology, 28(1), 51-73.
This article shares the results from a two-year study examining the effects of multimedia sources on struggling readers and writers. The study examined seventh and eighth grade students to look at two areas: “how do students’ perceptions of value and purpose of media-rich projects” affect their engagement; and how do the media-rich projects affect sense of community, agency, self-efficacy, etc. Results suggest participants found working with multimodal texts to be more engaging than normal classroom practice. However, because the students were in a remedial [[#|class]], because they felt that they were deficient, this had a significant impact on their success; and their view of success. (APA format)

O’Brien, D. (2001, June). “At-risk” adolescents: Redefining competence through the multiliteracies of intermediality, visual arts, and representation. Reading Online, 4(11). Retrieved June 5, 2009, from
This article examines the label of “at-riskness” of adolescent students and the changes that occur as a result of multimedia, new literacies and multiliteracies. The author suggests that new media, and multiliteracies call for a redefining of these [[#|labels and]] to view adolescents as willing and able critiquers of current media. The author suggests that educators need to bring these labeled students into the community of peers and explore the experiences that they have with media. (APA format)

PhET. "Forces and Motion For Teachers." Forces and Motion Lesson. University of Colorado, n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2013.
This link is an online simulation program to run for middle school physical science students involving forces and motion. Along with the program itself, the University of Colorado has included numberous materials and sample worksheets for teachers to use in combintation with the simulation. This simulation is only one of many offered by phET. (MLA format)

Reeves, J. (2004). “Like everybody else”: equalizing educational opportunity for English
language learners. TESOL Quarterly, 38(1), 43-66. Retrieved from http://
This paper discusses the concept of "difference blindness" in education. Educators must consider aspects of culture and diversity in working with students. (APA formatted)

Shimkin, Dr. D. (1959). Soviet -U.S. Education. Science News-Letter, 75(15), 234-235.
This paper is a product of Cold War era. Dr. Demitri Shimkin conducted research on the public education system in Soviet Russia. Unlike the Unites States, the U.S.S.R leveled and tracked youths in order to categorize students by career potential. (APA format)

Wiley, John. "Physics: Understanding Newton's First Law of Motion." Forces and Motion For Dummies. John Wiley & Sons Inc, n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2013
Forces and motion for dummies article breaksdown textbook information to make it easier for middle school students to understand Newton's 1st Law of Motion. The author uses simple and everyday examples to make a difficult concept easy for grades 6-8 to swallow.
(MLA format)

Brownlee, C. (2008, April). The Quest for a Clean Drink. ChemMatters. Retrieved from
This magazine article discusses different methods scientists have created to remove arsenic from the drinking water in India and Bangladesh. (APA Format)

"Forces and Motion Glossary - Dialogue for Kids (Idaho Public Television)." Forces and Motion Glossary. Idaho Public Television, 15 Jan. 2008. Web. 22 Jan. 2013.
Published by the Idaho Public TV company, and backed by the State Department of Education in Idaho, this site is full of imformation for students. The glossary is a dictionary of physical science terms related to forces and motion. It is a great resource. (MLA format)

Guttridge, N. (2012, July 19). Chemical Bond Discovered that only exists in space. NewScientist. Retrieved from
This magazine article discusses the discovery of a chemical bond that exists in white dwarf stars. (APA Format)

Teaching and Learning
The Center for Public Education. (2007, February 5). The center for public education. Retrieved from
This article provides the history of the homework debate, how homework affects student learning, effectiveness by age group, and how much time should be allocated for homework. The article cites several pieces of research to regarding the value of homework. (APA format)

Hough, L. (2012). Harvard graduate school of education. Retrieved from
This article discusses how much homework is appropriate and concerns shared by parents who feel homework infringes on extra-curricular activies. The author cites examples where school systems eliminate homework altogether. (APA Format).

Kohn. (2006, September). Retrieved from
The article explores the negative effects of homwork and notes that research does not support homework. The article further suggests a new approach to the current thoughts of homework. (APA format)

Vatterott, C. (2010). Five hallmarks of good homework. Retrieved from
The author acknowledges that various views exist on whether homework can be effective. The article provides 5 suggestions to make homework effective. (APA format)

Business Content Area

Barth, C. (2012, June 08). Losing your balance: Bank customers lost nearly $30 billion to overdraft fees last year. Retrieved from
The article discusses the implications of bank overdraft fees on accounts with minimum or no balances. The author refers to Loius CK's skit as a satire for the situation and shows the impact of overdrafts as well as the importance of avoiding unnecessary fees. (APA format)

Singleton, D. A. (2008, November). 16 bank reconciliation tips and tricks for quickbooks. Retrieved from
The article itemizes 16 ways to look for errors when reconciling a bank account. While the illustrations show screenshots from the program Quickbooks, the specific tips are applicable to any format of performing a reconciliation. (APA format)

Steele, J. (n.d.). 4 bank errors & mistakes waiting to happen. Retrieved from
This article describes ways [[#|banks]] can make errors, even though most people rely on banks for accuracy of reporting and transactions. The article further mentions how to remedy the situations described. (APA format)
Swann, S. (2010). A case study: Small business fraud. Retrieved from
This brief case explains how [[#|fraud]] occurred in a small [[#|business]] because there were no controls in place. (APA format)
Tugend, A. (2006). Balancing a checkbook isn't calculus. it's harder. New York Times. Retrieved from
The article explores the anxiety people face with reconciling their [[#|bank accounts]], but the importance of making the effort in order to avoid negative consequences like overdrafts. Suggestions, such as online banking, are provided to help make the reconciliation process easier. (APA format)

Mathematics Content Area

"Pi Day." Pi Day. Solutions Inc. <>. (MLA)
All Levels- Average. If students know and understand the definitions of the terminology they will have an easy time understanding this brief write-up.
(11.6 readability). This article provides a brief over view of the definition of pi. In addition, it gives some of the common historical background. Lastly, it shows a couple of example equations where pi is used.

Abbott, Edwin. (1884). Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions.
This is a book about proofs, analytic geometry, and shapes. It brings math to life in an interesting way.

Adams, T.L. & Jarvis, D. (2007). Math Roots: Mathematics and Visual Arts: Exploring the Golden Ratio. Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School,12(8), 467-473. . (APA)
Readability: Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level - 13.5
This is an excerpt from a book written for middle school math teachers. The article gives a basic overview of the Golden Ratio and the Golden Rectangle. Also, there are possible worksheets for the students to complete.

Bell, R. & Garofalo, J. (2003). Digital Images in Mathematics and Science Instruction: The Golden Rectangle. Technology Reviews, 103(7), 351-353. . (APA)
Readability: Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level - 12.5
This article goes deeper into the golden rectangle. Opportunities for discovering the golden rectangle using digital imaging and Geometer’s Sketch pad are provided. In addition, the authors highlight examples of the Golden Rectangle in nature and art.

Erikson, Martin. (2009). Aha! Solutions. Mathematical Association of America, Inc, Truman State University.
This book is similar to Rediscovering Mathematics. It is a book with many problems and examples for all disciplines of mathematics.

Gleick, James (1987). A Geometry of Nature; Images of Chaos. Chaos: Making a New Science (pp. 81-118, 213-240). New York, NY: Viking. These two chapters in this book give both a history of the discovery of fractals and the mathematics behind fractals. Several full-color pictures are included within these chapters and metaphors are used for the reader to understand the nature of fractals and their application in real life. (APA)

Kreuzer, Christian. "A most rapid proclamation of PI." A most rapid proclamation of PI. 3 Nov. 1998. <>. (MLA)
Below grade level- easy- Although it has a readability of 12.0, this article serves as an interest point for students. It is a short story about how one of many individuals recited the digits of pi.
(Readability 12.0) The article above describes one of the record holders for recitation of the decimals of pi. The record holder had jumped out of a plane and recited 100 digits before landing.

Lockhart, Paul. (2009). A Mathematician's Lament: How School Cheats Us Out of Our Most Fascinating and Imaginative Art Form. Bellevue Literary Press, New York.
A book for educators that explains how the way we teach math currently hurts students' success in mathematics.

Pappas, Theoni (1993). Fractals, Googols and Other Mathematical Tales (pp. 42-44). San Carlos, CA: Wide World Publishing. This section of this book gives a very basic description of what a fractal is and uses a story aimed at children to describe it. There are several examples of fractals with pictures. This book would be used for struggling readers in the class. (APA)

Loy, Jim. "Pi and the Great Pyramid." Pi and the Great Pyramid. 2000. <>. (MLA)
At grade level-easy- This article requires that students understand how pi is calculated but shows on of the historical applications.
(Readability 9.5) This text refers to one of the many historical uses of pi. It discusses how Egyptians used pi to create the great pyramids. The application of pi into the real world will be beneficial for students to know and read about.

Mandelbrot, Benoit (1989). Fractals and an Art for the Sake of Science. Leonardo. Supplemental Issue, ​2, 21-24. This article is Mandelbrot's take on the importance of fractals and how they are an integration of art and science. (APA)

McGuire, Michael (1991). An Eye for Fractals. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. This book has several stunning photographs of fractals both in real life and generated by the computer. In addition to the pictures, the author describes the mathematics behind the generation of fractals and uses several graphs and pictoral representations to enhance this. (APA)

Naylor, M. (2002). Golden, $\sqrt{2}$, and πFlowers: A Spiral Story. Mathematics Magazine, 75(3), 163-172. . (APA)
Readability: Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level - 10.7
Michael Naylor explores the Fibonacci series and it’s relation to the Golden Ratio. Naylor then delves deep into mathematical patterns and phenomenon. He uses mathematics and visual representations to do this.

Palais, Bob. "Pi is wrong by Bob Palais." Issuu. 2001. <>. (MLA)
Challenge above grade level- This article is also more challenging because it requires students to know and understand the uses of pi and to analyze its uses in different equations that they might not have learned.
The article is written by Bob Palais. It discusses the issues involved with using pi. Palais discusses the integration of the new number Tau into mathematics. He believes that use of tau would make mathematics more elegant, clear and understandable.

Pickover, Clifford A. (2009). The Math Book (pp. 310, 334, 402, 460, 472). New York, NY: Sterling. This book, covering a multitude of mathematical topics and their histories, has one section about fractals, another section about the Koch snowflake, a type of fractal, the Hausdorff Dimension, which describes the dimensions of fractals, the Coastline Paradox, which uses fractal measurements to measure a coastline, and the Mandelbrot set, a type of fractal. These sections can be used in the classroom for average readers to describe different types of fractals, a brief explanation of the mathematics behind them, and the history and discovery of each type. (APA)

Shepler, John. "Slice of Pi, Anyone? - About Pi Day and the Transcendental Number Pi." Slice of Pi, Anyone? 3 Jan. 2012. <>. (MLA)
Below grade level-easy- This article would be used to interest students in pi. It does not go into the calculations of pi but rather its simple applications along with some brief historical points.
(Readability 8.2) This article is an easy read for struggling students when it comes to reading and understanding. The article gives a little history about pi and where it has been used in the past. It also provides some fun facts about pi and the way I which people memorize its digits.

Shesso, R. (2007). Math for Mystics: From the Fibonacci sequence to Luna's Labyrinth to the Golden Section and Other Secrets of Sacred Geometry.
San Francisco: Red Wheel/Weiser, LLC. . (APA)
Readability: Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level - 10.2
The history of mathematics comes from early astrologers who needed to be able to record what they saw in the night sky. Timekeeping and numbers were extremely important. This book enlightens readers to the ancient secrets of mathematics and geometry.

Sharp, J. (1997). Golden Section Spirals. Mathematics in School, 26(5), 8-12. . (APA)
Readability: Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level - 11.1
This article introduces students to the Golden Spiral. The authors explain how the Golden Spiral can be derived from the Golden Ratio. Sharp also highlights examples of the Golden Spiral in art and nature.

Simonson, Shai. (2011). Rediscovering Mathematics: You Do the Math. Mathematical Association of America, Inc.
A book with problems and examples of all different types of mathematics., Natalie Wolchover, Life's Little Mysteries Staff. "Mathematicians Want to Say Goodbye to Pi." Yahoo! News. 30 June 2011. Yahoo! 04 Feb. 2013 <>. (MLA)

Challenging at grade level- This article is challenging because it causes students to question the validity of pi. It is for more abstract thinkers and may require students to conceptualize more deeply with the material.

(10.1 readability). This article argues the importance of pi versus tau. Mathematicians are claiming that tau (2π) is a more significant number with regard to mathematics. Much of the argument is based on the fact that using tau actually makes mathematics more simplistic.

Science Content Area
APA Citation: Hydraulic Fracturing Overview. (n.d.). PA DEP. Retrieved January 29, 201.
Reading Level: 10.0
Readability Ease: 41.5

World Language Content Area

APA Citation: Jenkins, S. & Hinds, J. (1987). Business Letter Writing: French, English, and Japanese. TESOL Quarterly, Vol. 21, No. 2, 327-349
Although I selected this article for a lesson on French business letters, this would be an appropriate resource for a Japanese class or beginning linguistics. It compares the stylistic differences between English, French, and Japanese business letters.


Colbert, D. (2008). The magical worlds of Harry Potter. (2nd ed.). New York, NY: The Penguin Group.
This book is described as a go-to source for information about J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series.